Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE) administers America's Student Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP). In this capacity, the agency releases a report of international students studying in the United States every quarter.
As of July 2014, nearly one million (966,333) international students were enrolled in almost 9,000 U.S. colleges and universities. 75% of the nation's international students come from Asia, of which 28% are from China. The top 10 countries of citizenship for foreign national students are China, India, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Mexico and Brazil.
More impressive is the fact that nearly 350,000 or more than 30% of those international students pursue a degree in a STEM discipline (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematic). 85% of international students studying STEM coursework are from Asia and more international students study engineering than any other STEM field of study.
Contrarily, according to a statistical analysis report by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the U.S. Department of Education, the nation experiences an attrition of domestic STEM degree enrollees. The study explored STEM enrollments and drop-outs over a six-year period beginning with the 2003-2004 academic year.
Domestic bachelor and associate degree students entered STEM programs at a rate of 28% and 20% respectively. But, don't be fooled by these numbers because 48% of bachelor degree students and 69% of associate degree students who entered a STEM degree program during the six-year analysis period, left it; meaning they either changed their major to a non-STEM degree program or dropped out all together during that period.
Based on these numbers and analysis it appears the dumbing down of America continues, but foreign national students could be the future of this country. The question is how long it will take the U.S. Congress to realize this. Taken as a snapshot today, the legislature allocates about 65,000 work visas for 966,333 (350,000 STEM) students. You do the math because Congress cannot!